East Durham grew up around the old Durham Cotton Manufacturing Company, founded by Julian S. Carr. Today, giant, leafy trees act as a canopy over the historic streets where trolleys once ran between rows of pyramidal cottages, cozy bungalows, and gable-and-wing houses – homes which are historically and architecturally distinct from the mill villages to the south and west. The Durham Land and Security Company, formed in 1886 by banker Eugene Morehead, attorney W.W. Fuller, Robert I. Rogers, owner of the Durham Marble and Brownstone Works, and Dr. John L. Watkins, a leaf tobacco dealer, platted and sold the majority of the lots in the district. The Kirkland Brothers developed the area from Liberty Street to Holloway Street in the
The Development of Duke Park
The Duke Park neighborhood is named for Brodie Duke, the original landowner. Brodie was the eldest son of Washington Duke, the patriarch of the Duke family. The younger Duke acquired the land in Old North Durham and Duke Park from Fred Geer and Atlas M. Rigsbee in the 1880s and 1890s. The area was mostly farmland and woodland cultivated for the Duke family, though legend has it that North Durham residents were allowed to graze their animals on the land.
The Durham Traction Company’s introduction of trolley lines in the early twentieth century made possible new residential areas outside of town and in 1901 Duke subdivided his land north of Trinity and began selling home sites. His
In the guidebook for Preservation Durham’s 2001 tour Living it up Downtown, Tom Miller wrote, “It is not premature to declare that downtown Durham has been saved.” That year, the Baldwin Building was an empty shell. Today, it’s filled with a dozen loft apartments. The previous year, the Preservation Durham tour had explored Durham’s Tobacco Heritage. Tourgoers were led through the deserted courtyard at American Tobacco, surrounded by dilapidated buildings with broken windows and sagging roofs. Today, the American Tobacco Historic District is home to a growing list of tenants whose modern, high-tech offices overlook a lush green lawn where cracked pavement used to be. It seems Tom was right!
Durham began in 1854, when the North Carolina Railroad Company
The historic Cleveland-Holloway neighborhood sits immediately east of downtown Durham, along Holloway Street and northwards. Holloway and Cleveland Streets, which border the neighborhood, were originally listed on the National Register in 1985. Their grand houses were protected from one of Durham’s first local historic districts as well. In 2009, the connecting neighborhood was listed on the National Register, coinciding with a flourishing revitalization and lots of renovations. The neighbors are very proud of the diverse neighborhood, which ranges from grand Victorian homes to tiny 1930s duplexes. They are currently pursuing expansion of the local historic district boundaries to encompass the entire National district.
Occupations listed for early residents of the district include both laborer and managerial positions in tobacco and rail
The historic Burch Avenue neighborhood sits between the Durham Freeway and Chapel Hill Street, just north of Morehead Hill. Developed gradually between the turn of the 20th century and the 1950s, it features a wide range of historic house styles and sizes. Many of the early residents were involved in the building trade, and some of the more distinctive properties were built by contractors and carpenters as their personal homes. Queen Anne Victorians, Colonial Revival foursquares, Craftsman bungalows, and even 1940s post-war Minimal Traditional houses all mix together to form a vibrant, diverse community.
Burch Avenue Links